Research Ethics Related to Kenya

International Research Ethics
IRE Subject Guide
MA Philosophy - International Research Ethics
Teaching Skills in International Research Ethics (TaSkR)

The IU – Moi AREP has developed an international research ethics bibliography specific to work being conducted in Kenya. The list includes publications considered particularly valuable to our partnership and we are hoping they may also be helpful for other students and researchers working in Kenya. The bibliography is maintained by Jere Odell, with help from Kalli D. McBride and others.


Meslin EM, Were E, Ayuku D. Taking Stock of the Ethical Foundations of International Health Research: Pragmatic Lessons from the IU-Moi Academic Research Ethics Partnership. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2013;Jun 25 (epub ahead of print). PubMed
PMID: 23797913

Chantler T, Otewa F, Onyango P, et al. Ethical Challenges that Arise at the Community Interface of Health Research: Village Reporters' Experiences in Western Kenya. Dev World Bioeth. 2013;13(1):30-7. PubMed PMID: 23521822.

Madiega PA, Jones G, Prince RJ, et al. 'She's My Sister-In-Law, My Visitor, My Friend' - Challenges of Staff Identity in Home Follow-Up in an HIV Trial in Western Kenya. Dev World Bioeth. 2013;13(1):21-9. PubMed PMID: 23521821.

Kamuya DM, Marsh V, Kombe FK, et al. Engaging communities to strengthen research ethics in low-income settings: selection and perceptions of members of a network of representatives in coastal kenya. Dev World Bioeth. 2013;13(1):10-20. PubMed PMID: 23433404.

Kamuya DM, Theobald SJ, Munywoki PK, et al. Evolving friendships and shifting ethical dilemmas: fieldworkers' experiences in a short term community based study in kenya. Dev World Bioeth. 2013;13(1):1-9. PubMed PMID: 23433316.

Prince R. HIV and the moral economy of survival in an East African City. Med Anthropol Q. 2012;26(4):534-56. PubMed PMID: 23361884.

Obermeyer CM, Bott S, Bayer R, et al. HIV testing and care in Burkina Faso, Kenya, Malawi and Uganda: ethics on the ground. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2013;13:6. PubMed PMID: 23343572.

Obermeyer CM, Neuman M, Desclaux A, et al. Associations between mode of HIV testing and consent, confidentiality, and referral: a comparative analysis in four African countries. PLoS Med. 2012;9(10):e1001329. PubMed PMID: 23109914.

Vreeman R. Community perspectives on research consent involving vulnerable children in western Kenya. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2012;7(4):44-55. PubMed PMID: 23086047.

Vreeman R, Kamaara E, Kamanda A, et al. A qualitative study using traditional community assemblies to investigate community perspectives on informed consent and research participation in western Kenya. BMC Med Ethics. 2012;13:23. PubMed PMID: 23009744.

Papas RK, Gakinya BN, Baliddawa JB, et al. Ethical issues in a stage 1 cognitive-behavioral therapy feasibility study and trial to reduce alcohol use among HIV-infected outpatients in western Kenya. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2012;7(3):29-37. PubMed PMID: 22850141.

Molyneux S, Mulupi S, Mbaabu L, et al. Benefits and payments for research participants: experiences and views from a research centre on the Kenyan coast. BMC Med Ethics. 2012;13:13. PubMed PMID: 22726531.

Kimwele C, Matheka D, Ferdowsian H. A Kenyan perspective on the use of animals in science education and scientific research in Africa and prospects for improvement. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;9:45. PubMed PMID: 22355442.

Lairumbi GM, Parker M, Fitzpatrick R, et al. Forms of benefit sharing in global health research undertaken in resource poor settings: a qualitative study of stakeholders' views in Kenya. Philos Ethics Humanit Med. 2012;7:7. PubMed PMID: 22251457.

Hardon A, Vernooij E, Bongololo-Mbera G, et al. Women's views on consent, counseling and confidentiality in PMTCT: a mixed-methods study in four African countries. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:26. PubMed PMID: 22236097.

Tolhurst R, Leach B, Price J, et al. Intersectionality and gender mainstreaming in international health: using a feminist participatory action research process to analyse voices and debates from the global south and north. Soc Sci Med. 2012;74(11):1825-32. PubMed PMID: 21982633.

Nyblade L, Singh S, Ashburn K, et al. "Once I begin to participate, people will run away from me": understanding stigma as a barrier to HIV vaccine research participation in Kenya. Vaccine. 2011;29(48):8924-8. PubMed PMID: 21964057.

Lairumbi GM, Parker M, Fitzpatrick R, et al. Stakeholders understanding of the concept of benefit sharing in health research in Kenya: a qualitative study. BMC Med Ethics. 2011;12:20. PubMed PMID: 21961798.

Boga M, Davies A, Kamuya D, et al. Strengthening the informed consent process in international health research through community engagement: The KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme Experience. PLoS Med. 2011;8(9):e1001089. PubMed PMID: 21931539.

Oronje RN, Undie CC, Zulu EM, et al. Engaging media in communicating research on sexual and reproductive health and rights in sub-Saharan Africa: experiences and lessons learned. Health Res Policy Syst. 2011;9 Suppl 1:S7. PubMed PMID: 21679388.

Njeru MK, Blystad A, Shayo EH, et al. Practicing provider-initiated HIV testing in high prevalence settings: consent concerns and missed preventive opportunities. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011;11:87. PubMed PMID: 21507273.

Marsh VM, Kamuya DK, Parker MJ, et al. Working with concepts: the role of community in international collaborative biomedical research. Public Health Ethics. 2011 Apr;4(1):26-39. PubMed PMID: 21416064

Riviello ED, Letchford S, Achieng L, et al. Critical care in resource-poor settings: lessons learned and future directions*. Crit Care Med. 2011 Feb 3. PubMed PMID: 21297458

Kithinji C, Kass NE. Assessing the readability of non-English-language consent forms: the case of Kiswahili for research conducted in Kenya. IRB. 2010 Jul-Aug;32(4):10-5. PubMed PMID: 20853798.

Graboyes M. Fines, orders, fear . . . and consent? Medical research in East Africa, c. 1950s. Dev World Bioeth. 2010 Apr;10(1):34-41. PubMed PMID: 20089054

Lavery JV, Bandewar SV, Kimani J, et al. 'Relief of oppression': an organizing principle for researchers' obligations to participants in observational studies in the developing world. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:384. PubMed PMID: 20591194

Marsh VM, Kamuya DM, Mlamba AM, et al. Experiences with community engagement and informed consent in a genetic cohort study of severe childhood diseases in Kenya. BMC Med Ethics. 2010;11:13. PubMed PMID: 20633282

Molyneux S, Kamuya D, Marsh V. Community members employed on research projects face crucial, often under-recognized, ethical dilemmas. Am J Bioeth. 2010 Mar;10(3):24-6. PubMed PMID: 20229411

Ngongo Bahati P, Kidega W, Ogutu H, et al. Ensuring quality of services in HIV prevention research settings: findings from a multi-center quality improvement pilot in East Africa. AIDS Care. 2010 Jan;22(1):119-25. PubMed PMID: 20390489

Andanda P. Vulnerability: sex workers in Nairobi's Majengo slum. Camb Q Healthc Ethics. 2009 Apr;18(2):138-46. PubMed PMID: 19250567

Byskov J, Bloch P, Blystad A, et al. Accountable priority setting for trust in health systems--the need for research into a new approach for strengthening sustainable health action in developing countries. Health Res Policy Syst. 2009;7:23. PubMed PMID: 19852834

Caffrey P, Weiss E, Wood L, et al. Engaging parliamentarians as advocates for women's health: findings from Kenya and Namibia. Glob Public Health. 2009;4(3):271-83. PubMed PMID: 19437215

Chilengi R. Clinical development of malaria vaccines: should earlier trials be done in malaria endemic countries? Hum Vaccin. 2009 Sep;5(9):627-36. PubMed PMID: 19617708

Lema VM. Therapeutic misconception and clinical trials in sub-Saharan Africa: a review. East Afr Med J. 2009 Jun;86(6):291-9. PubMed PMID: 20358792

Molyneux C, Goudge J, Russell S, et al. Conducting health-related social science research in low income settings: ethical dilemmas faced in Kenya and South Africa. J Int Dev. 2009 Mar;21(2):309-26. DOI: 10.1002/jid.1548

Nnaemeka O. Feminist bioethics and global responsibility: exploring health care delivery in Kenya. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics. 2009;2(1):71-6.

Onyango-Ouma W, Birungi H, Geibel S. Engaging men who have sex with men in operations research in Kenya. Cult Health Sex. 2009 Nov;11(8):827-39. PubMed PMID: 19444687

Vreeman RC, Nyandiko WM, Meslin EM. Pediatric assent for a study of antiretroviral therapy dosing for children in western Kenya: a case study in international research collaboration. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2009 Mar;4(1):3-16. PubMed PMID: 19374483

Gikonyo C, Bejon P, Marsh V, et al. Taking social relationships seriously: lessons learned from the informed consent practices of a vaccine trial on the Kenyan coast. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Sep;67(5):708-20. PubMed PMID: 18362046

Gitau-Mburu D. Should public health be exempt from ethical regulations? Intricacies of research versus activity. East Afr J Public Health. 2008 Dec;5(3):160-2. PubMed PMID: 19374317

Hassall O, Ngina L, Kongo W, et al. The acceptability to women in Mombasa, Kenya, of the donation and transfusion of umbilical cord blood for severe anaemia in young children. Vox Sang. 2008 Feb;94(2):125-31. PubMed PMID: 18067489

Lairumbi GM, Molyneux S, Snow RW, et al. Promoting the social value of research in Kenya: examining the practical aspects of collaborative partnerships using an ethical framework. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Sep;67(5):734-47. PubMed PMID: 18403077

Marsh V, Kamuya D, Rowa Y, et al. Beginning community engagement at a busy biomedical research programme: experiences from the KEMRI CGMRC-Wellcome Trust research programme, Kilifi, Kenya. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Sep;67(5):721-33. PubMed PMID: 18375028

Molyneux S, Geissler PW. Ethics and the ethnography of medical research in Africa. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Sep;67(5):685-95. PubMed PMID: 18455856

Nyambedha EO. Ethical dilemmas of social science research on aids and orphanhood in western Kenya. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Sep;67(5):771-9. PubMed PMID: 18403079

Mfutso-Bengo JM, Muula AS. Potential benefits and harm of biotechnology in developing countries: the ethics and social dimensions. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2007;36 Suppl:63-7. PubMed PMID: 17703567

Patel V. Clinical trials in Kenya. Stichting Onderzoek Multinationale Ondermingen (SOMO); 2006.

Shaffer DN, Yebei VN, Ballidawa JB, et al. Equitable treatment for HIV/AIDS clinical trial participants: A focus group study of patients, clinician researchers, and administrators in Western Kenya. J Med Ethics. 2006 Jan;32(1):55-60. PubMed PMID: 16373525

Sidle JE, Were E, Wools-Kaloustian K, et al. A needs assessment to build international research ethics capacity. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2006 Jun;1(2):23-38. PubMed PMID: 19385876

Meslin E, Sidle J, Wools-Kaloustian K, et al. International research ethics: a needs assessment of research ethics capacity. Final report [Vol. I] and responses [Vol. II]. Indiana University Center for Bioethics. 2005.

Langat SK. Reuse of samples: ethical issues encountered by two institutional ethics review committees in Kenya. Bioethics. 2005 Oct;19(5-6):537-49. PubMed PMID: 16425489

Molyneux CS, Peshu N, Marsh K. Trust and informed consent: insights from community members on the Kenyan coast. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Oct;61(7):1463-73. PubMed PMID: 16005781

Molyneux CS, Wassenaar DR, Peshu N, et al. 'Even if they ask you to stand by a tree all day, you will have to do it (laughter)...!': community voices on the notion and practice of informed consent for biomedical research in developing countries. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jul;61(2):443-54. PubMed PMID: 15893058

Rubyogo JC, Murithii PM, Agumbah GJ, et al. Assessment of the technical competence and ethical behaviour of Community-based Animal Health Workers in Mwingi District, Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2005 May;37(4):267-76. PubMed PMID: 15934634

Smith AC, Mugabe J, Singer PA, et al. "Harnessing genomics to improve health in Africa" - an executive course to support genomics policy. Health Res Policy Syst. 2005 Jan 24;3(1):2. PubMed PMID: 15667651

Butler D. Scientists deny ethical breach at Kenyan orphanage. Nature. 2004 Jun 3;429(6991):491. PubMed PMID: 15175715

Li N. Out of the armchair: a bioethics student's search for practical knowledge in Kenya. J Bioeth Inq. 2004;1(1):20-6. PubMed PMID: 16025594

Molyneux CS, Peshu N, Marsh K. Understanding of informed consent in a low-income setting: three case studies from the Kenyan coast. Soc Sci Med. 2004 Dec;59(12):2547-59. PubMed PMID: 15474208

Orentlicher D. Universality and its limits: when research ethics can reflect local circumstances. J Law Med Ethics. 2002 Fall;30(3):403-10. PubMed PMID: 12497700

Raviola G, Machoki M, Mwaikambo E, et al. HIV, disease plague, demoralization and "burnout": resident experience of the medical profession in Nairobi, Kenya. Cult Med Psychiatry. 2002 Mar;26(1):55-86. PubMed PMID: 12088098

Perkins HS, Supik JD, Hazuda HP. Cultural differences among health professionals: a case illustration. J Clin Ethics. 1998 Summer;9(2):108-17. PubMed PMID: 9750982

Should developing countries be testing grounds for vaccines rejected by the USA? AIDS Anal Afr. 1994 Jul-Aug;4(4):2. PubMed PMID: 12288157

Taylor CE. Surveillance for equity in primary health care: policy implications from international experience. Int J Epidemiol. 1992 Dec;21(6):1043-9. PubMed PMID: 1483808

Ndinya-Achola JO. A review of ethical issues in AIDS research. East Afr Med J. 1991 Sep;68(9):735-40. PubMed PMID: 1797537

Taking Stock of the Ethical Foundations of International Health Research: Pragmatic Lessons from the IU-Moi Academic Research Ethics Partnership.

Updated April 16, 2013 - J.O.

IU Center for Bioethics | 410 W. 10th St., Suite 3100 | Indianapolis, IN 46202 | Tel: 317-278-4034 | Fax: 317-278-4050